The s in Australia, as in other industrialised nations, were years of rapid economic and industrial change. They were characterised by the combined impact. John Paul II, The encyclical Laborem Exercens was written by Pope John Paul II in to celebrate 90 years since the publication of. Issued by Pope John Paul II on the ninetieth anniversary of Leo XIII’s Rerum Novarum, Laborem Exercens expands and reshapes the corpus of.

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Key Quotes Through work man must earn his daily bread and contribute to the continual advance of science and technology and, above all, to elevating unceasingly the cultural and moral level of the society within which he lives in community with those who belong to the same family Introduction. The same principle applies in the successive phases of this process, in which the first phase always remains the relationship of man with the resources and riches of nature.

It is the departure of a person who is also a member of a great community united by history, tradition and culture; and that person must begin life in the midst of another society united by a different culture and very often by a different language.

Laborem Exercens (On Human Labor)

Dignitatis humanae Gaudium et spes. All these are part of what John Paul calls the indirect employer. Furthermore, in the Church’s teaching, ownership has never been understood in a way that could constitute grounds for social conflict in labour. Just efforts to secure labore, rights of workers who are united by the same profession should always take into account the limitations imposed by the general economic situation of the country. The concept of “indirect employer” thus refers to many different summayr.

It is particularly painful when it especially affects young people, who after appropriate cultural, technical and professional preparation fail to find work, and see their sincere wish to work and their readiness to take on their own responsibility for the economic and social development of the community sadly frustrated. Then the Pope turns his attention to one important and practical way of securing some of the rights of workers: We can speak of socializing only when the subject character of society is ensured, that is to say, when on the basis of his work each person is fully entitled to consider himself a part-owner of the great workbench at which skmmary is working with every one else.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Unions do not have the character of political parties struggling for power; they should not be subjected to the decision of political parties or have too close links with them.

For a reminder of these, see 4. In fact, in the final analysis it is always man who is the purpose of the work, whatever eummary it is that is done by man-even if the common scale of values rates it as the merest “service”, as the most monotonous even the most alienating work. Industry in its turn will always consist in linking the earth’s riches-whether nature’s living resources, or the products of agriculture, or the mineral or chemical resources-with man’s work, whether physical or intellectual.


The main concern of Laborem Exercens is to affirm the dignity of workers as human persons. The pope asserted the dignity of agricultural workers, and some particular difficulties and injustices they face.

Laborem Exercens (14 September ) | John Paul II

A complete analysis of the situation of the world today shows in an even deeper and fuller way the meaning of the previous analysis of social injustices; and it is the sumary that must be given today to efforts to build justice on earth, not concealing thereby unjust structures but demanding that they be examined and transformed on a more universal scale.

Such a concept practically does away with zummary very basis of the ancient differentiation of people into classes according to the kind of work done. St Pauls Publications, When it is a question of establishing an ethically correct labour policy, all these influences must be kept in mind. A policy is correct when the objective rights of the worker are fully respected. Nevertheless, even if emigration is in some aspects an evil, in certain circumstances it is, as the phrase goes, a necessary sumkary.

Evidently this must have an effect on local labour policy and on the worker’s situation in the economically disadvantaged societies. Even though it bears the mark of a bonum arduum, in the terminology of Saint Thomas 18this does not take away the fact that, as such, it is a good thing for man. If you want to look at this now, go to the end of 8. If it is true that capital, as the whole of the means of production, is at the same time the product of the work of generations, it is equally true that capital is being unceasingly created through the work done with the help of all these means of production, and these means can be seen as a great workbench at which the present generation of workers is working day after day.

And if the solution-or rather the gradual solution-of the social question, which keeps coming up and becomes ever more complex, must be sought lagorem the direction of “making life more human”, then the key, namely human exerccens, acquires fundamental and decisive importance LE 3. The vision of women presented in LE seems almost oblivious to the dramatic changes that have occurred in the world of women and work.

Work and industriousness also influence the whole process of education in the family, for the very reason that everyone “becomes a human being” through, among other things, work, and becoming a human being is precisely the main purpose of the whole process of education.

They must let themselves be guided by an exact diagnosis of the complex situations and of the influence exercised by natural, historical, civil and other such circumstances. This gigantic and powerful instrument-the whole collection of means of production that in a sense are considered synonymous with “capital”- is the result of work and bears the signs of human labour. In the midst of all these processes-those of the diagnosis of objective social reality and also those of the Church’s teaching in the sphere of the complex and many-sided social question- the question of human work naturally appears many times.


On Human Work on the 90th anniversary of Rerum novarum.

Understood as a process whereby man and the human race subdue the earth, work corresponds to this basic biblical concept only when throughout the process man manifests himself and confirms himself as the one who “dominates”. This is still not theoretical materialism in the full sense of the term, but it is certainly practical materialism, a materialism judged capable of satisfying man’s needs, not so much on the grounds of premises derived from materialist theory, as on the grounds of a particular way of evaluating things, and so on the grounds exerdens a certain hierarchy of goods based on the greater immediate attractiveness of what is material.

In the subjective dimension there is realized, first of all, that “dominion” over the world of nature to which man is called from the beginning according to the words of the Book of Genesis.

Laborem Exercens

People have the right to seek better conditions of life in another country LE When man works, using all the means of production, he also wishes the fruit paborem this work to be used by himself and others, and he wishes to be able to take part in the very work process as a sharer in responsibility and creativity at the workbench to dummary he applies himself.

Everything contained in the concept of capital in the strict sense is only a collection of things. In the latter case, the difference consists in the way the right to ownership or property is understood.

Each and every individual is at the same time embraced by it. Work constitutes a foundation for the formation of family life, which is a natural right and something that man is called to. Since the concept of capital includes not only the natural resources placed at man’s disposal but also the whole collection of means by which man appropriates natural resources and transforms them in accordance with his needs and thus in a sense humanizes themit must immediately be noted that all these means are the result of the historical heritage of human labour.

It is easy to see that this framework of forms of dependence linked with the concept of the indirect employer is enormously extensive and complicated.

Furthermore it must never be forgotten that, when essential community services are in question, they must in every case be ensured, if necessary by exerces of appropriate legislation. From the beginning there is also linked with work the question of ownership, for the only means that man has for causing the resources hidden in nature to serve himself and others is his work.