Euclea natalensis is a very variable, evergreen plant, ranging from a small shrub up to a moderately large tree with a spreading crown and a bole 20cm or more. Euclea natalensis is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive shrub or small to medium sized tree (depending on where in grow. The custom of cleaning teeth and the gums with a chewed root of the tree Euclea natalensis, in the belief that it benefits oral health, is practised in South Africa.

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The veins are prominent, particularly on the upper surface. In arid scrub it is stunted, often less than a metre tall, while in forest or under favourable conditions it can form a handsome tree m tall with spreading branches.

University of Cape Town, Cape Town. Protect from frost when young. The strongly scented small, creamy white flowers are borne from August to March and are followed by round red to black fruit from March to December. Euclea natalensis is divided into six subspecies: Natal guarri, Natal ebony, large-leaved guarri Eng. Origins and meanings of names of South African plant genera.

Shrub, Tree SA Distribution: Flora of tropical East Africa. Creative gardening with indigenous plants. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and natalenais prevent automated spam submissions. The trees flower in winter-spring June-October and fruit during summer August-Marchripening in autumn.


ShrubPlant Type: Subscribe Subscribe To Our Newsletter. The male flowers contain usually 16 stamens and a minute rudimentary ovary with 2 styles.

Euclea natalensis | Plantz Africa

The lower surface is often covered with thick, velvety red hairs, the upper surface is occasionally also covered with hairs. They nayalensis a heavy, sweet scent.

Euclea natalensis is not threatened. The bark is dark grey, thin and finely cracked. They are edible and attract birds.

This species is wind tolerant, and drought tolerant when established. It has a dark, spreading crown of shiny, hard and leathery leaves. The leaves are hard and leathery, dark green and shiny above and paler underneath. The trees growing in Kirstenbosch do not set fruit as abundantly as trees in habitat, perhaps because the male and female nataleniss are planted too far apart from each other.

Euclea natalensis is dioecious with natalrnsis and female flowers borne on separate trees. EvergreenFrost Hardiness: Google QR Code Generator. View other plants in this family QR code link View other plants in this genus. Frost HardyPlant Type: Roots are pounded and boiled and used to make a black dye. Water generously during its first years to allow it to establish itself. Euclea natalensis twigs are used for toothbrushes. Associated with Termite MoundsHabitat: The fruits are edible, and are eaten by birds, monkeys and people.


Branchlets are covered in fine rusty hairs, becoming smooth with age. Twigs are used as toothbrushes.

Euclea natalensis

Euclea is a small African genus eucea about 20 species, with 16 species in southern Africa. NztalensisGarden Uses: They are smooth or bristly, yellow, orange, red and black, in dense, conspicuous clusters.

It is a little slow growing and should be planted in sun or semi-shade. Anthony Hitchcock for advice on propagation. Rate this plant Is this an interesting plant?

The flowers are small, bell-shaped, cream to yellow and are carried in many-flowered, branched sprays in the axils of the leaves. References Coates Palgrave, M. Coastal ScrubHabitat: It is suited to many different types of gardens, including windy coastal gardens, well-watered subtropical gardens as well as bushveld and woodland gardens. The wood is heavy, hard and strong, but is not much used and is avoided as firewood in KwaZulu-Natal. Small GardensHabitat: Take sturdy, semi-hardwood heel cuttings from the previous year’s growth.

The new growth in spring is very decorative with pale, gold-tinged, velvety hairy foliage emerging out of the dark green crown.