Your browser does not currently recognize any of the video formats available. Click here to visit our frequently asked questions about HTML5 video. View Condicionamiento Clasico y Operante from BIOLOGY at National University College. Nombre: _Digmarie Rivera Torres_ Fecha.

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The first booklet consisted of twelve different letter string condicionmiento. Send the link below via email or IM. This finding alone, suggests practice could play an important part in solving letter string problems and possibly other problems tooand thus a parametric extension in the manipulation of this independent variable could be scientifically relevant.

Delete comment or cancel. Table 2 shows the groups in the first columns; the regression equation is shown on the third column and the statistical significance of the slope is shown on the fourth column. Comments 0 Please log in to add your comment.

In all graphs, the “X” axis shows consecutive problems; the “Y” axis shows cumulative success.

Experiment 1 Due to the fact that cclasico and reinforcement effects have not been systematically assessed in the study of analogical transfer, and considering that cpasico studies have showed that practice may enhance analogical condicionamlento, the purpose of Experiment 1 was to evaluate the effects of these independent variables on letter string problem solving.

Reset share links Resets both viewing and editing links coeditors shown below are clsaico affected. A second experiment assessed behavioral momentum theory in the solution of letter string problems. Additionally, figure 5 shows that performance in the last twelve problems is significantly impaired when the answer selected for reinforcement changes after the twelfth problem.

Reinforcement contingencies may decrease the probability of producing a correct response when they differentially punish their emission; however positive reinforcement produced no discernible effects.

This means that independently of producing a “correct” or an “incorrect” answer the experimenter remained silent. In view of the continuous failure to produce analogical transfer, some scientists have suggested that the phenomenon should be explored using very simple problems. The control group was required to solve a problem that was unrelated to the test item.

Regarding the effects of the independent variables on solution times, reinforcement contingencies did not produce significant effects, however practice significantly decreased response times in most groups and in those groups where no significant effects were found, a decreasing function is always found. Este nivel base puede ser cero, es decir, puede no darse la conducta en absoluto. One possibility would suggest that, at some point during the last thirty years, the scientists interested in this phenomenon have forgotten that the establishment of an analogy is basically a learning process.


Luego, al llegar a casa reforzamos: The first control condition was identical to the second experimental group, with the exception that subjects received random reinforcement.

Data showed punishment significantly decreased the number of correct answers produced by the subjects; additionally practice significantly increased the number of correct answers in one reinforced condition and lowered the number of correct answers in the punishment group.

Reinforcement schedules and response strength. Response strength in multiple schedules. General Discussion Experiment 1 showed that letter string problem solving is significantly impaired by the punishment of correct answers; it also showed that the deleterious effects of punishment increase with exposure to the experimental procedures; practice also increases the probability of producing a correct answer in at least one experimental condition.

Due to the fact that all other control groups used the same problems developed for the second experimental group, it is possible that the problems selected for the experiment where relatively “easy” problems, and thus the learning process was to brief to be captured by the dependent variables.

Figure 2 shows the average effects of practice, on both solution time and “correct” answers. Reinforcement and the organization of behavior, London, Wiley.

El condicionamiento operante de la soluciĆ³n de problemas de secuencias de letras

Schema induction and analogical transfer. Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again. Thus, the data produced by the second study are in general agreement with a Behavioral Momentum account of letter string problem solving; however the data also suggest that the effects of previous reinforcement on response persistence may be mediated by the type of problem presented to the subject.

The experiment was conceived condicionaamiento a between groups design with 2 experimental groups and 4 control conditions. Copy code to clipboard.


In general, Herrnstein’s seminal studies and many others after it showed that response allocation to different alternatives iperante on the obtained reinforcement frequency of each one. The major purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of practice and reinforcement on letter string problem solving.


Two different booklets were designed. Subjects were presented with an example of letter string problem solving different from that employed in the booklets. College students were exposed to the easiest problems of the condicionamientto taxonomy but analogical transfer effects remained elusive. Reset share links Resets both viewing and editing links coeditors shown below are not affected. Por ejemplo, otorgamos un punto extra en una asignatura cada 7 trabajos voluntarios entregados abreviado RF7.

Only the first experimental group received codnicionamiento first booklet, all other experimental and control groups received a second booklet that contained 15 different problems of the following type ABC: En otras palabras, la recompensa aumenta las respuestas, mientras que el castigo las elimina.

It was hypothesized operannte, should behavioral momentum occur, subjects would persist in the production of the obsolete answer. Results Figure three shows cumulative success for each subject in each experimental condition.

An operant conditioning account of letter string problem solving could also condicioanmiento more compelling if other well documented effects of instrumental learning could be replicated using the procedure.

Las posibilidades de que Ana mantenga la conducta son altas, porque es reforzada. Khun, ; Kantor, and a new approach to the problem is needed.

In the first experiment correct answers could be reinforced, punished, ignored, randomly reinforced or presented without a previous example. The purpose of the problems contained in the first booklet was to assess the solution of an inverted letter string, in the solution test; different studies have suggested that when clasuco letter strings are presented in the test phase “correct” responses rarely occur.

In general, the second experiment shows that “correct” answers, to letter string problems, significantly decreases after subjects have been reinforced for producing different correct answers. The authors would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.