AMENORE SEKUNDER PDF
gangguan pada hipofisis anterior atau pada gangguan pada sistem syaraf pusat Amenore sekunder juga bisa disebabkan oleh penyakit. Tetapi terbaik. Kehamilan adalah penyebab paling umum dari amenore sekunder. ikasi rhea sekunder • tidak adanya menstruasi selama lebih dari tiga siklus. Amenore Sekunder. Disusun Oleh: Woris Christoper I Dosen Pembimbing dr. Vidia Sari, Kepanitraan Klinik SMF Ilmu Kesehatan Wanita.
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New research suggests that adding a dosage of Metformin to an anti-psychotic drug regimen can restore menstruation. Primary amenorrhoea can be diagnosed in female children by age 14 if no secondary sex characteristicssuch as enlarged breasts and body hair, are present.
Anti-psychotic drugs used to treat schizophrenia have been known to cause amenorrhoea as well. Both hypothalamic and pituitary disorders are linked to low FSH levels leading to hypogonadotropic amenorrhoea.
Amenorrhea – Wikipedia
Clinical gynecologic endocrinology and infertility. Recommencement of ovulation suggests a dependency on a whole network of neurotransmitters and hormones, altered in response to the initial triggers of secondary amenorrhoea.
Ovarian failure related to early onset menopause can cause secondary amenorrhea, and although the condition can usually be treated, it is not always reversible.
The hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis is functional. This page was last edited on 28 Novemberat British Journal of Sports Medicine. Secondary amenorrhea’s most common and most easily diagnosable causes are pregnancythyroid diseaseand hyperprolactinemia. Untreated celiac disease can cause amenorrhea.
The ovary or gonad does not respond to pituitary stimulation. There are two primary ways to classify amenorrhoea.
Polycystic ovary syndrome can cause secondary amenorrhea, although the link between the two is not well understood. The social effects of amenorrhoea on a person vary significantly. Looking at Hypothalamic amenorrhoea, studies have provided that the administration of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor SSRI might correct abnormalities of Functional Hypothalamic Amenorrhoea FHA related to the condition of stress-related amenorrhoea.
Although oral contraceptives can causes menses to return, oral contraceptives should not be the initial treatment as they can mask the underlying problem and allow other effects of the eating disorder, like osteoporosiscontinue to develop.
FSH levels are typically in the menopausal range. Results of the study on Metformin further implicate the regulation of these hormones as a main cause of secondary amenorrhoea.
A pregnancy test is a common first step for diagnosis. Amenorrhoea is often associated with anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders, which have their own effects. Causes of secondary amenorrhea can also result in primary amenorrhea, especially if present before onset of menarche. Bartholin’s cyst Kraurosis vulvae Vestibular papillomatosis Vulvitis Vulvodynia. Gonadal dysgenesis or premature menopause are possible causes. Hormonal contraceptives that contain only progestogen like the oral contraceptive Micronor, and especially higher-dose formulations like the injectable Depo Provera commonly induce this side effect.
Types of amenorrhoea are classified as primary or secondary, or based on functional “compartments”. Persistent genital arousal disorder. Vaginal bleeding Postcoital bleeding. The opposite is the normal menstrual period eumenorrhoea.
Pelvic congestion syndrome Pelvic inflammatory disease. If a uterus is present, outflow track obstruction may be to blame for primary amenorrhoea. Exercise amenorrhoea, related to physical exercisestress amenorrhoea, eating disorders and weight loss obesity, anorexia nervosaor bulimia Pituitary: Female diseases of the pelvis and genitals N70—N99— Dieting to the extreme”.
Adnexa Ovary Endometriosis of ovary Female infertility Anovulation Poor ovarian reserve Mittelschmerz Oophoritis Ovarian apoplexy Ovarian cyst Corpus luteum cyst Follicular cyst of ovary Theca lutein cyst Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome Ovarian torsion.
Treatments vary based on the underlying condition. Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For those who do not plan to have biological children, treatment may be unnecessary if the underlying cause of the amenorrhoea is not threatening to their health. The subsiding of the causal syndrome is usually enough to restore menses after a few months. Endometriosis of ovary Female infertility Anovulation Poor ovarian reserve Mittelschmerz Oophoritis Ovarian apoplexy Ovarian cyst Corpus luteum cyst Follicular cyst of ovary Theca lutein cyst Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome Ovarian torsion.
Retrieved from ” https: R-metHuLeptin has appeared effective in restoring defects in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and improving reproductive, thyroid, and IGF hormones, as well as bone formation, thus curing the amenorrhoea and infertility. Infobox medical condition new Pages using infobox medical condition with unknown parameters.
To treat drug-induced amenorrhoea, stopping the medication on the advice of a doctor is a usual course of action.
Vaginal atresiacryptomenorrhoeaimperforate hymen. It is defined sekunde the absence of menses for three months in a woman with previously normal menstruation, or nine months for women with a history of oligomenorrhoea. However, SSRI therapy represents a possible hormonal solution to just one hormonal condition of hypothalamic amenorrhoea. Sheehan syndromehyperprolactinaemiahaemochromatosis Other central regulatory: Views Read Edit View history.
If secondary sex characteristics are present, but menstruation is not, primary amenorrhoea can be diagnosed by age Reproductive disorders may be the only sekunedr of eskunder celiac disease and most cases are not recognized. Breastfeeding is said to prevent more births in the developing world than any other method of birth control or contraception.
After menarche, menstruation was suppressed during much of a woman’s reproductive life by either pregnancy or nursing.
Extended cycle use of combined hormonal contraceptives also allow suppression of menstruation. Gonadal dysgenesis, often associated with Turner’s Syndromeor premature ovarian failure may also be to blame. ssekunder